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South Carolina

A History

Walter Edgar



Published: Sep 2 1999




OA Ebook



The inclusion of this book in the Open Carolina collection is made possible by the generous funding of

The authoritative source for the Palmetto State's dramatic history

In this comprehensive history of South Carolina, Walter Edgar presents a sweeping chronicle of a state with an illustrious, sometimes infamous, past. He describes in very human terms 475 years of recorded history in the Palmetto State, including the experiences of all South Carolinians—those with roots in Africa and in Europe as well as Native Americans; male and female; rich and poor. In an eminently readable presentation, Edgar uses letters, diaries, and other writings to let voices from the past take part in telling the state's fascinating story.

Recounting the period from the first Spanish exploration to the end of the Civil War, Edgar charts South Carolina's rising national and international prominence and its parallel economic ascendancy. He dispels myths about the state's early history—including the notion that the colony was inhabited by a homogeneous white population—and tells how South Carolina developed an agricultural economy that relied heavily on African American slave labor. Edgar examines, among other topics, the impact of the American revolution, Charleston's significance as a metropolis and major seaport, and the state's leadership in the Secession movement.

With changes wrought by the Civil War, South Carolina slipped from national prominence into a period marked by economic, social, civil, and political strife. Edgar details the everyday life of blacks and whites during Reconstruction, the state's mixed efforts to join the "New South," and Benjamin Ryan Tillman's rise to power. He also chronicles South Carolina's changing politics in the once-solid South, the state's reawakening after World War II, the casualties and victories of an extended civil rights struggle, and the Palmetto State's present economic, educational, and political challenges.

Walter Edgar is emeritus professor of history at the University of South Carolina in Columbia and the author or editor of more than a dozen books about the Palmetto State, including The South Carolina Encyclopedia. He is the host of Walter Edgar's Journal and South Carolina from A to Z on SCETV Radio. In 2008 he was inducted into the South Carolina Hall of Fame.

"Walter Edgar has succeeded admirably in his effort to write a lively and accessible narrative history of the Palmetto State."—Journal of Southern History

"This volume represents more that two decades of study, and by the author's testament, was a labor of love. It is an impressive work overall, exhibiting deep knowledge and mature analysis, a fine eye for detail, and evocative prose."—North Carolina Historical Review

"South Carolina: A History by Walter Edgar offers a compelling example of what state-level scholarship can accomplish when pursued in conjunction with teaching and research as an act of creative synthesis."—Mobile Register

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